Variation of Alkali Concentration and Temperature: Its Effect on the Morphology of ZnO Nanoparticles Synthesized via Solvothermal Technique

Wee, Boon Siong and Droepenu, Eric Kwabena and Chin, Suk Fun and Kok, Kuan Ying and Ting, Woei (2021) Variation of Alkali Concentration and Temperature: Its Effect on the Morphology of ZnO Nanoparticles Synthesized via Solvothermal Technique. Defect and Diffusion Forum, 411 (2021). pp. 3-15. ISSN 1662-9507

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Abstract

This study reports on synthesis of ZnO nanostructures using Zinc chloride (ZnCl2) as precursors and Potassium hydroxide (KOH) as alkaline source in a solvothermal process with varying molar concentrations (Zn2+/OH-) of 1:1, 1:3 and 1:5 for temperatures of 30 °C and 50 °C. The synthesized nanostructures were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy, and Ultraviolet Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. ZnO nanostructures synthesized at lower ratios (1:1) exhibited wurtzite hexagonal shapes. However, as the concentration ratios increases in both cases, spherical structures were formed with the emergence of some rod-like structures dominating, and finally aggregated to form flower-like structures at 30 °C temperature. The average crystallite size for nanostructures from XRD (30-50 °C) were in the range 15-21 nm whereas the average particle size from TEM analysis (30-50 °C) were in the range 39-76 nm. Increase in temperature and molar concentration of the alkaline source generally decreased the crystallite and particle size of the as well as a decrease in the wavelength of ZnO nanostructures as a result of blue-shifting of the absorption peak. FT-IR spectra of ZnO NSs prepared from concentration ratios of Zn2+: OH- (1:1, 1:3 and 1:5) at 30 °C and 50 °C showed characteristic peak bands at 461-467 cm-1 and 460-462 cm-1 respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solvothermal technique, Spectroscopy, Nanostructures, Nucleation time, Zinc oxide, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Dr Wee Boon Siong
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2021 06:26
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2021 06:26
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/36054

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