Single Step Growth of Vertically Oriented Zinc Oxide Nanowire Using Thermal Evaporation

Dzetty Soraya, Abdul Aziz and Samsudi, Sakrani and Naziha, Jamaludin (2021) Single Step Growth of Vertically Oriented Zinc Oxide Nanowire Using Thermal Evaporation. Defect and Diffusion Forum, 411 (2021). pp. 25-36. ISSN 1662-9507

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Commonly, the synthesis of ZnO nanowires involves the use of metal catalyst via a nondirect step growth which contribute to the contamination on the final product. Thus, in this work we synthesized catalyst-free ZnO nanowires using a direct or single step growth of nanowires. Thermal evaporation method is used to synthesize ZnO nanowires on bare glass substrates with different distances between Zn powder and the substrates; on-top (1.2 cm), 16 cm and 18 cm. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy images showed a vertically well-aligned with high density of ZnO nanowires were successfully synthesized via self-seeding process and the longest nanowires were produced at the shortest distance. Energy Dispersive X-ray and X-Ray Diffraction analyses confirmed that high purity of ZnO nanowires were obtained and ZnO (002) strongest and sharp peak was observed, indicating preferentially grown ZnO nanowires along the c-axis perpendicular to the substrates and leading towards single crystal structure. Four peaks were observed in visible range from Photoluminescence spectra (PL) which related to fundamental defects with the highest peak at 3.04 eV. The on-top sample with distance 1.2 cm from Zn powder has the lowest transmittance due to the high thickness of ZnO nanowires. The range of energy band gap for ZnO nanowires obtained from the extrapolation graph is in agreement with PL highest peak approximately 3.00 eV. Therefore, this direct or single step deposition method is of great interest since it has successfully produced ZnO nanowires with significant characteristics without employing the non-direct step growth.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ZnO NWs, thermal evaporation, catalyst-free, single-step growth, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Centre for Pre-University Studies
Depositing User: Abdul Aziz
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2021 07:01
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 07:01

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