Phylogeographic Evidence for 2 Genetically Distinct ZoonoticPlasmodium knowlesiParasites, Malaysia

Yusof, Ruhani and Ahmed, Md Atique and Jelip, Jenarun and Ngian, Hie Ung and Mustakim, Sahlawati and Hussin, Hani Mat and Fong, Mun Yik and Mahmud, Rohela and Sitam, Frankie Anak Thomas and Japning, J. Rovie-Ryan and Snounou, Georges and Escalante, Ananias A. and Lau, Yee Ling (2016) Phylogeographic Evidence for 2 Genetically Distinct ZoonoticPlasmodium knowlesiParasites, Malaysia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22 (8). pp. 1371-1380. ISSN 1080-6040

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Infections of humans with the zoonotic simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi occur throughout Southeast Asia, although most cases have occurred in Malaysia, where P. knowlesi is now the dominant malaria species. This apparently skewed distribution prompted an investigation of the phylogeography of this parasite in 2 geographically separated regions of Malaysia, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. We investigated samples collected from humans and macaques in these regions. Haplotype network analyses of sequences from 2 P. knowlesi genes, type A small subunit ribosomal 18S RNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, showed 2 genetically distinct divergent clusters, 1 from each of the 2 regions of Malaysia. We propose that these parasites represent 2 distinct P. knowlesi types that independently became zoonotic. These types would have evolved after the sea-level rise at the end of the last ice age, which separated Malaysian Borneo from Peninsular Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cytochrome oxidase 1, simian, human, macaque, parasite, zoonoses, genetic diversity, biological evolution, malaria, Plasmodium knowlesi, population genetics, ribosomal RNA, Malaysia, Malaysian Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Southeast Asia, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Ryan Japning
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2021 03:17
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2021 03:17

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