Dengue Prediction Using Deep Learning With Long Short-Term Memory

Abdulrazak Yahya, Saleh and Lim, Baiwei (2021) Dengue Prediction Using Deep Learning With Long Short-Term Memory. In: 2021 1st International Conference on Emerging Smart Technologies and Applications (eSmarTA), 10-12 Aug. 2021, Sana'a, Yemen.

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Dengue is a severe infectious disease on the rise in Malaysia, and there is a demand for artificial intelligence to support the health system. However, the application of deep learning, specifically Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) time series forecasting, has not been explored by many in dengue prediction studies. However, considering the availability of daily weather data being collected, the ability of LSTM to capture long term dependencies can be leveraged in forecasting dengue cases. Therefore, this study investigates the performance and viability of LSTM time series forecasting on predicting dengue cases. An LSTM model is developed and evaluated to be compared to a Support Vector Regression (SVR) model by utilising the availability of a dengue dataset consisting of weather and climate data. The results indicated LSTM time series forecasting performed better than SVR, with R2 and MAE scoring 0.75 and 8.76. In short, LSTM has shown better performance and, in addition, capturing trends in the rise and fall of dengue cases. Altogether, this research could contribute to the fight against the increase of dengue cases without relying on forecasted weather data but instead, history.

Item Type: Proceeding (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: LSTM, Time series forecasting, Deep learning, dengue, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development
Depositing User: Saleh Al-Hababi
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2021 02:37
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2021 02:37

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