Heavy Metal Adsorbent of Carbon from Sago Liquid Biowaste for Sustainable Technology

Zainab, Ngaini and Rafeah, Wahi and Hasnain, Hussain and Nurul Qhalila, Bahrin and Nur Hanani, Hasana (2021) Heavy Metal Adsorbent of Carbon from Sago Liquid Biowaste for Sustainable Technology. In: THE 3rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY 2020 -VIRTUAL (ICoST 2020), 15 August 2020, Virtual.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0742-4_14


Sarawak is one of the world's largest exporters of sago flour, from which the processing leads to a generation of biowaste in a significant amount. Thus, utilization of biowaste is crucial to create a zero-waste sago processing industry. In this work, the heavy metal adsorbent was prepared from sago-activated sludge via microwave technology. Sago effluent was treated via an activated sludge process to produce biomass, followed by microwave pyrolysis and chemical activation using NaOH. The efficiency of the adsorbent for adsorption of Cr, Pb and Zn in aqueous solution was studied at pH 2, contact time (24 h), adsorbent dosage (0.2–1 g/50 mL), and initial concentration (5–25 mg/L). Physicochemical analyses showed that the adsorbent has an average pore size of 36.29 μmand BET surface area of 471.1m2/g. The maximum removal of heavy metals was: Pb (89.8%), Cr (47.0%) and Zn (18.4%) at adsorbent dosage (1 g/50 mL), initial concentration (5 mg/L), mixing speed (150 rpm) and contact time (24 h). The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm studies showed that Qe for Pb removal by sludge activated carbon was 3.202 × 10–3 mg/g. The results indicated the potential application of sago-activated carbon for the removal of heavy metals, especially Pb from wastewater. Further isotherm study for the occurrence of chemisorptions process could be beneficial, which at the same creating a zero-waste sago processing industry for sustainable technology

Item Type: Proceeding (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption · Biowaste · Heavy metal · Microwave pyrolysis · Sago effluent · Sago waste, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Ngaini
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2021 01:57
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2021 03:59
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/35743

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