Small-size Jatropha Seed Biochar Extracted from Microwave Pyrolysis: Optimization of Its Biocomposites Mechanical Properties by Mixture Design

Perry Law, Nyuk Khui and Rezaur, Rahman and Kuok, King Kuok and Muhammad Khusairy, Bakri and Muhammad, Adamu and Diana, Tazeddinova and Zhumayeva A., Kazhmukanbetkyzy, and Baibatyrov, Torebek (2021) Small-size Jatropha Seed Biochar Extracted from Microwave Pyrolysis: Optimization of Its Biocomposites Mechanical Properties by Mixture Design. Bio Resources, 16 (3). pp. 4716-4730. ISSN 1930-2126

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Abstract

Microwave pyrolysis of finely ground jatropha seed biochar was used as bio-filler to develop biocomposites. Effects influencing the mechanical properties of the biocomposites were investigated based on varied material ratio. Ratios by percentage of weight were determined by D-optimal (custom) mixture design using the Stat Ease “Design Expert”. The mechanical properties, such as tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and microhardness, were the dependent variables (response). Bio-filler content was optimised to attain the overall best mechanical properties for the biocomposites. The optimized biocomposite that showcased good tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and microhardness biocomposite ratio’s predicted mechanical properties mean values were tensile strength (9.53 MPa), modulus of elasticity (0.730 GPa), and microhardness (20.4 HV) for polylactic acid and biofiller mixture; and tensile strength (7.92 MPa), modulus of elasticity (0.668 GPa), and microhardness (18.7 HV) for polylactic acid, biofiller, and poly(ethylene-alt-maleic anhydride) mixture. Models generated by the mixture design showcased some degree of noise and error present; however, the outcome through the optimization step was generally reliable for predicting the mechanical properties. Additional data gathered through experimental testing and replicates could improve the reliability of the model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composite; Biochar; D-optimal mixture design; Mechanical properties, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Sanawi
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2021 07:10
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 07:10
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/35470

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