Metal Contamination in Macrobrachium rosenbergii from Sarawak River, Malaysia and its Health Risk to Human

Idrus, F. A. and Basri, M. M. and Rahim, K. A. A. and Lee, A. C. (2021) Metal Contamination in Macrobrachium rosenbergii from Sarawak River, Malaysia and its Health Risk to Human. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 20 (2). pp. 499-507. ISSN 09726268

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An assessment of heavy metal concentration in wild-captured Macrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawns) from their natural habitat is important since it is susceptible to environmental pollution due to the rapid development and human activities along the Sarawak River. This study aimed to estimate the heavy metal contamination in muscles, exoskeletons and gills of the M. rosenbergii and to estimate the health risk assessment to human consumption. The concentration of heavy metals was analyzed by the flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer and the flow injection mercury system. The metal concentrations in prawns were detected in the following order: Hg < Cd < Co < Cu < Zn; in all body parts (P < 0.05), where a high concentration of metals was recorded in gills due to its function as the excretion site of contaminants from the body. A positive correlation of Co, Cu, and Zn in muscles and gills was observed with the increasing size of prawns. The human health risk assessment indicated a less potential adverse health effect of prawns for consumption from Sarawak River (hazard index values < 1). All samples contained metals below the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) permissible limit for human consumption (Cd < 2 mg/kg; Cu < 30 mg/kg; Zn < 150 mg/kg; Hg < 1 mg/kg). Therefore, M. rosenbergii from the Sarawak River were not contaminated enough to prevail high risk on human health, but regular monitoring is suggested for seasonal variability of heavy metals in M. rosenbergii for safeguarding human health.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heavy metals Macrobrachium rosenbergii Human health risk Sarawak river, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Idrus
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2021 02:45
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2021 05:05

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