The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on physical and mental health of Asians- A study of seven middle-income countries in Asia

Ashley Edward Roy, Soosay and Tee, M and Cuiyan, Wang and Fardin, MA and Michael, Tee and Mohammad A, Fardin and Srichokchatchawan, Wandee (2021) The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on physical and mental health of Asians- A study of seven middle-income countries in Asia. PLOS ONE, 16 (2). pp. 1-20. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted the economy, livelihood, and physical and mental well-being of people worldwide. This study aimed to compare the mental health status during the pandemic in the general population of seven middle income countries (MICs) in Asia (China, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam). All the countries used the Impact of Event Scale–Revised (IES-R) and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) to measure mental health. There were 4479 Asians completed the questionnaire with demographic characteristics, physical symptoms and health service utilization, contact history, knowledge and concern, precautionary measure, and rated their mental health with the IES-R and DASS-21. Descriptive statistics, One-Way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and linear regression were used to identify protective and risk factors associated with mental health parameters. There were significant differences in IES-R and DASS-21 scores between 7 MICs (p<0.05). Thailand had all the highest scores of IES-R, DASS-21 stress, anxiety, and depression scores whereas Vietnam had all the lowest scores. The risk factors for adverse mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic include age <30 years, high education background, single and separated status,discrimination by other countries and contact with people with COVID-19 (p<0.05). The protective factors for mental health include male gender, staying with children or more than 6 people in the same household, employment, confidence in doctors, high perceived likelihood of survival, and spending less time on health information (p<0.05). This comparative study among 7 MICs enhanced the understanding of metal health in the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, physical and mental health, seven middle-income, Asian countries.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Soosay
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2021 07:58
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2021 03:17
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/34821

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