Removal of Heavy Metal Ions Using Magnetic Materials

Lim, Soh Fong (2021) Removal of Heavy Metal Ions Using Magnetic Materials. In: Integrated Natural Resources Management. Springer, pp. 393-409.

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Heavy metal ions contaminate water environment through point sources and nonpoint sources. Heavy metal ions are categorized as inorganic contaminants by both the WHO and the USEPA. The heavy metal ions are increasingly being introduced into the environment as pollutants and contaminants resulting from human activities. Magnetic particles for water treatment applications have received considerable attention from researchers due to high separation efficiency. The magnetic particles behave similar to or even better than various commercial adsorbents. The magnetic particles also exhibit high selectivity for the target pollutants from the environment besides enabling ease of operation for reducing the particle separation steps from the flowing stream. A comprehensive and systematic understanding of synthesis and surface modifications of magnetic particles is significant to enhance their practicability in environmental technology. Although high removal performance and reactivity can be achieved by smaller particle size, the stability, toxicity, and recovery of the particles magnetically could be challenging. In contrast, the active surface of magnetic particles may be forfeited, while surface modifications stabilize and reduce the toxicity of the particles. Reliable surface modifications are necessarily needed for the increment of the number of active sites to remove the heavy metals. For successful environmental applications of the magnetic particles, modification on the magnetic particles is principally crucial to balance the effects on their reactivity, capacity, and reusability.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heavy metal ions, Magnetic particles, Contaminants, Heavy metal, Adsorbent, Pollution, Removal, Separation, Magnetic sorption technology
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Soh Fong
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2021 02:55
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2021 03:20

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