Art-Integration in Computational Thinking as an Unplugged Pedagogical Approach at A Rural Sarawak Primary School

Nur Hasheena, Anuar and Fitri Suraya, Mohamad and Jacey Lynn, Minoi (2020) Art-Integration in Computational Thinking as an Unplugged Pedagogical Approach at A Rural Sarawak Primary School. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10 (17). pp. 21-39. ISSN 2222-6990

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Abstract

Promoting Computational Thinking (CT) in education has become an interest among scholars to develop CT skills to promote critical thinking and problem-solving skills among young people. However, it remains a challenge for Malaysian educators to teach CT at school, especially in rural primary schools. The purpose of this study is to explore the use of visual art in learning the problem-solving process and as an unplugged approach to involve learners in computational thinking. This study employed a qualitative exploratory method to understand the use of visual art as a pedagogical tool for young learners to manifest CT. Twenty-two Primary 4 and Primary 5 students, aged 10 to 11 years old, were chosen as the participants of the study. The participants are from an indigenous community of Sarawak Penan, who used to be nomadic. We used on-site observation to collect qualitative data. The content analysis method was also used to examine classroom activities and participants’ task outcomes. Through the art-making experience and unplugged approach, the participants were able to Illustrate their ability to grasp essential concepts of computational thinking – abstraction, decomposition, and algorithms. The CT activities conducted were simple, manageable, and easy to understand. The findings have shown that implementing the art-integration approach in computational thinking suited the needs of the young novice rural learners. The approach was found to be accessible for the local teachers, as it eases the burden of copious preparation and implementation. The approach enabled the teachers to overcome common comprehension problems when relating new foreign concepts to young learners staying in remote rural regions. During the drawing activity, researchers have observed that male students performed better in drawing and abstraction skills, while female students performed better in recognising patterns and colours. The findings will help remote rural teachers to reflect on attempts to teach and improve CT instruction using non-computerised materials and incorporate art into other subjects. Our work contributes to the pedagogical strategies that link foreign concepts to indigenous ways of knowing, through the introduction of an unplugged approach and art-integration into the presentation of new learning content. Our work has illustrated how important it is for remote rural teachers to find the right balance between explanation and demonstration of visual worked examples.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computational Thinking,Art-Integration, Unplugged, Rural Primary School
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2361 Curriculum
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development
Depositing User: Mohamad Hapni Joblie
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2021 00:22
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 00:25
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/33925

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