Anatomy Education Environment Measurement Inventory (AEEMI): a cross-validation study in Malaysian medical schools

Siti Nurma Hanim, Hadie and Muhamad Saiful Bahri, Yusoff and Wan Nor, Arifin and Fazlina, Kasim and Zul Izhar, Mohd Ismail and Mohd Anizam, Asari and Husnaida, Abdul Manan @ Sulong, and Asma’, Hassan and Tg Fatimah Murniwati, Tg Muda and Yasrul Izad, Abu Bakar and Rasheeda, Mohd Zamin and Elvy Suhana, Mohd Ramli and Rafidah, Hod and Saiful Bahri, Talip and Ku Mastura, Ku Mohd Noor and Yusoff Sharizal, Yusoff Azmi Merican and Muhammad Fairuz, Azmi and Atikah, Abdul Latiff and Madihah, Rushaidhi (2021) Anatomy Education Environment Measurement Inventory (AEEMI): a cross-validation study in Malaysian medical schools. BioMed Central, 21 (50). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1472-6920

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Abstract

Background The Anatomy Education Environment Measurement Inventory (AEEMI) evaluates the perception of medical students of educational climates with regard to teaching and learning anatomy. The study aimed to cross-validate the AEEMI, which was previously studied in a public medical school, and proposed a valid universal model of AEEMI across public and private medical schools in Malaysia. Methods The initial 11-factor and 132-item AEEMI was distributed to 1930 pre-clinical and clinical year medical students from 11 medical schools in Malaysia. The study examined the construct validity of the AEEMI using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Results The best-fit model of AEEMI was achieved using 5 factors and 26 items (χ 2 = 3300.71 (df = 1680), P < 0.001, χ 2/df = 1.965, Root Mean Square of Error Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.018, Goodness-of-fit Index (GFI) = 0.929, Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.962, Normed Fit Index (NFI) = 0.927, Tucker–Lewis Index (TLI) = 0.956) with Cronbach’s alpha values ranging from 0.621 to 0.927. Findings of the cross-validation across institutions and phases of medical training indicated that the AEEMI measures nearly the same constructs as the previously validated version with several modifications to the item placement within each factor. Conclusions These results confirmed that variability exists within factors of the anatomy education environment among institutions. Hence, with modifications to the internal structure, the proposed model of the AEEMI can be considered universally applicable in the Malaysian context and thus can be used as one of the tools for auditing and benchmarking the anatomy curriculum.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anatomy education environment, Learning environment, Educational climate, Validity, Reliability
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Talip
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2021 01:46
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2021 01:46
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/33848

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