Growth and toxin production of tropical Alexandrium minutum Halim (Dinophyceae) under various nitrogen to phosphorus ratios

Po, T.L and Chui, P.L and Kobiyama, A. and Ogata, T. (2010) Growth and toxin production of tropical Alexandrium minutum Halim (Dinophyceae) under various nitrogen to phosphorus ratios. Journal of Applied Phycology , 22. pp. 203-210.

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Abstract

Effects of nitrogen to phosphorous (N/P) ratios of two nitrogen sources (nitrate and ammonium) on growth and toxin production of a tropical estuarine dinoflagellate, Alexandrium minutum Halim, were examined using a strain isolated from a bloom at Tumpat Estuary, Malaysia in September 2001. Experiments were carried out in batch cultures, using either nitrate (N-NO3) or ammonium (NNH4) as the nitrogen source at a constant amount, and with initial N/P ratios ranging from 5 to 500. Cell density, residual N and P in the medium, cellular toxin quota (Qt), and toxin composition were analyzed throughout the growths. Our results showed that cell densities and growth rates of A. minutum were severely suppressed under high N/P ratios (>100) in both N-NO3 and N-NH4 treatments. Cells tended to be larger at lower growth rate and P-limited cultures. Toxin profile was relatively constant throughout the experiments, with GTX4/GTX1 as the dominant toxin congeners. Cellular toxin quota (Qt) increased with elevated N/P ratios in both N-NO3 and N-NH4 treatments. Toxin production rate, Rtox, however was enhanced in N-NH4- grown cultures when P was limited, but showed no difference between N-NO3- and N-NH4-grown cultures when P was replete. Our results clearly showed that N/P ratios as well as the nitrogen compounds not only affected the growth of A. minutum, but also the cellular toxin quota and its toxin production rate.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, (UNIMAS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: growth, toxin, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, IPTA, sarawak, malaysia, kuching, samarahan, education, universiti, university
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2014 06:35
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2015 01:02
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/3347

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