Development of an Evaluation System for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Based Three-Dimensional Modeling of a Transfemoral Prosthetic Socket Using Finite Elements

Mohd Syahmi, Jamaludin and Hanafusa, Akihiko and Shinichirou, Yamamoto and Agarie, Yukio and Otsuka, Hiroshi and Ohnishi, Kengo (2019) Development of an Evaluation System for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Based Three-Dimensional Modeling of a Transfemoral Prosthetic Socket Using Finite Elements. Appl. Sci., 9 (18). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2076-3417

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/9/18/3662

Abstract

Recent technologies have suggested the utilization of three-dimensional (3D) printingtechnology to enhance the fabrication accuracy of prosthetics. Accordingly, simulations are used toobtain precise parameters for subject-specified prosthetic socket. This study proposes an evaluationsystem to measure the accuracy of a subject-specific 3D transfemoral residuum model duringthe interaction with the socket in conjunction with the application of finite element methods.The proposed system can be used in future validations of socket fabrication. The evaluation isbased on the measurement of the residuum’s soft tissue deformation inside two types of prostheticsockets. In comparison with other studies, the 3D models were constructed with magnetic resonanceimages (MRI) with the aid of computer-aided design (CAD) software. The measurement of soft tissuedeformation was conducted based on the measurement of the volumetric value of fat, muscle andskin in the pre- and post-donning phases. The result yielded a promising correlation coefficient valuebetween the simulation and the experiment in the soft tissue deformation evaluation. The relationof the muscle–fat ratio in the residuum is extremely important in the determination of the abilityof the prosthetic to deform. The environment during the socket fitting session was similar to thatdefined by the set boundary conditions in simulations. In view of the promising results of thisstudy, the evaluation system proposed herein is considered reliable and is envisaged to be used infuture research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: prosthetic socket; finite element method; finite element analysis; transfemoral residuum;biomechanics; bipedal stances; 3D model, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2020 04:17
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2020 04:18
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/33284

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