Macroeconomic and Demographic Determinants of Residential Property Prices in Malaysia

Trofimov, Ivan D. and Nazaria, Md. Aris and Xuan, Dickson C.D. (2018) Macroeconomic and Demographic Determinants of Residential Property Prices in Malaysia. Zagreb International Review of Economics & Business, 21 (2). pp. 71-96. ISSN 1331-5609

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Abstract

This paper studies the relationship between residential property prices and macroeconom- ic and demographic determinants in Malaysia. In the years following the Asian nancial crisis, property prices in Malaysia rose substantially, resulting in an affordability crisis and ultimately policy responses to the problem. Using unit root, Johansen-Juselius cointe- gration, VECM-based Granger causality tests and variance decomposition, and consider- ing quarterly data that covers 2000-2015 period, we established that residential property price growth is principally driven by strong demographic performance and population growth and is backed by the low interest rate environment and rising consumer prices. Household income and level of GDP do not appear to contribute to property price growth. Certain distortions and asymmetries in the Malaysian real estate markets are documented: oversupply in the higher price segment of the market coupled with the lack of affordable housing in the lower price segment; household income growth lagging behind GDP and property price growth, thereby dampening housing demand; growing rental markets in major urban areas as a result of the affordability crisis; and a quality mismatch between buyers’ preferences and housing supply. Keywords: property prices; housing; cointegration

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: property prices; housing; cointegration, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Depositing User: Md. Aris
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2020 08:18
Last Modified: 29 May 2021 13:09
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/33189

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