Factors predicting screen time related to physical and behavioural complaints in primary school children

Ting, Siew Leng and Rosalia, Saimon and Md Mizanur, Rahman and Rasitasam @ Razitasham, Safii and Ho, Siat Lian and Nancy, John and Lim, Lik Thai and Nazirin, Arsad (2020) Factors predicting screen time related to physical and behavioural complaints in primary school children. Med J Malaysia, 75 (6). pp. 649-654.

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Official URL: http://www.e-mjm.org/2020/v75n6/electronic-screen-...

Abstract

Background and objective: Physical and behavioural problems from extended usage of electronic devices are issues among primary school children. This study is aimed to investigate the prevalence of physical and behavioural complaints arising from the electronic device usage and to identify the potential factors that predicted the complaints. Methods: This was a primary school-based cross-sectional study using multistage cluster sampling, conducted at Bau district in Sarawak, Malaysia in 40 primary schools. A questionnaire was used to collect information of usage pattern in insufficient lighting, timing and position. The physical and behavioural complaints were traced. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 22. A p-value < 0.05 with 95% CI was considered as statistically significant. Results: About 52.8% of the 569 students used digital devices in a bright room, 69.8% in the day time and 54.4% in sitting position. The physical complaints were headache (32.9%), neck, shoulder and back pain (32.9%) followed by by eye strain (31.8%). Regarding behavioural problems, 25.7% of the students had loss of interest in study and outdoor activities (20.7%), skipped meals (19.0%) and arguments/disagreements with parents (17.9%). After logistic regression analysis, the lying position (OR=1.71, 95% CI: 1.096, 2.688) and darkroom lighting (OR=2.323 95% CI: 1.138, 4.744) appeared to be potential predictors of the complaint. Conclusion: One-quarter of the students studied experienced physical complaints, and one-fifth had behavioural problems associated with the use of electronic devices. Lying position and darkroom lighting are the potential predictors of complaints. Therefore, we suggest that the children should use electronic devices in the sitting position with adequate room lighting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electronic devices, Complaint, screen time, logistic regression analysis, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2020 00:33
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 00:33
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/33081

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