Differential Metabolites Markers from Trunking and Stressed Non-Trunking Sago Palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.)

Hasnain, Hussain and Yan, Wei Jie and Zainab, Ngaini and Norzainizul, Julaihi and Rina, Tommy and Showkat, Ahmad Bhawani (2020) Differential Metabolites Markers from Trunking and Stressed Non-Trunking Sago Palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.). Current Chemical Biology, 14. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1872-3136

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Abstract

Background: Sago palm is an important agricultural starch-producing crop in Malaysia. The trunk of sago palm is responsible for the production of the starch reaching maturity for harvesting after ten years. However, there are sago palms that failed to develop its trunk after 17 years being planted. This is known as a stressed “non-trunking” sago palm, which eliminates the economic value of the palms. Objective: The study was initiated to compare the differences in metabolite expression between trunking and non-trunking sago palm and secondly to determine the potential metabolite-makers that are related to differential phenotypes of sago palms. Method: Metabolites were extracted using various solvents and analysed using NMR spectroscopy and GC-MS spectrometry. Data obtained were subjected to principal component analysis. Results: The study determined that differential metabolites expression were detected in the leaf extracts of normal trunking sago palm compared to the non-trunking palms. Metabolite groups which are differently expressed between trunking and non-trunking sago palm are oils and waxes, haloalkanes, sulfite esters, phosphonates, phosphoric acid, thiophene ester, terpenes and tocopherols. GC-MS analysis of Jones & Kinghorn extraction method determined two sets of metabolite markers which explains the differences in metabolites expression of trunking and non-trunking sago palm in ethyl acetate and methanol extract of 89.55% comprising sulfurous ester compounds and 87.04% comprising sulfurous ester, sulfurous acid and cyclohexylmethyl hexyl ester respectively. Conclusion: Two sets of metabolite markers were expressed in the trunking and non-trunking sago palm. These metabolites can potentially be used as markers for identifying normal and stressed plants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: non-trunking,sago, metabolites, differential expression, Metroxylon sagu, metabolite markers
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2020 01:21
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021 07:08
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/32176

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