Contextualising Computational Thinking: A Case Study in Remote Rural Sarawak Borneo

Nur Hasheena, Anuar and Fitri Suraya, Mohamad and Jacey Lynn, Minoi (2020) Contextualising Computational Thinking: A Case Study in Remote Rural Sarawak Borneo. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19 (8). pp. 98-116. ISSN 1694-2116

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Abstract

The paper describes an exploratory case study on novice indigenous children’s learning characteristics as they learn Computational thinking (CT) competencies, such as abstraction, decomposition, and algorithmic thinking. It employs a quasi-experimental research design with pre-test and post-test instruments. Twenty-two children of an underprivileged Penan community living in a remote village in Sarawak Borneo participated. Through the study, they learned Computational thinking skills using localised instructional strategies, with Scratch™ as their tool to programme. The study used observational field notes, comprehension checks, and participants’ learning products as primary data sources. Findings showed that indigenous children’s learning characteristics were primarily ‘learning-by-making’, collaborative, highly motivated, playful, curious, and imaginative while they attempted to learn Computational thinking. The intervention (treatment) group performed marginally better than the control group in the pre-test and were substantially better in the post-test performance. Findings illustrate a direction in which novice indigenous children could learn and be informed about Computational thinking practices and skills through a mix of game-based learning, collaborative learning, problem-based learning, and project-based learning. Findings also revealed how participants appeared to have gained self-confidence, illustrated creativity on task and were self-critical throughout their participation in the study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computational thinking; Remote classroom; Indigenous children; Penan community; Case study, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Social Informatics and Technological Innovations
Depositing User: Mohamad Hapni Joblie
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2020 00:32
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2020 00:32
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31988

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