Recovery of cellulose fibers from oil palm empty fruit bunch for pulp and paper using green delignification approach

Yiin, Chung Loong and Syhui, Ho and Suzana, Yusup and Quitain, Armando T. and Yi, Herng Chan and Chun, Adrian Minh Loy and Yong, Ling Gwee (2019) Recovery of cellulose fibers from oil palm empty fruit bunch for pulp and paper using green delignification approach. Bioresource Technology, 290. pp. 1-5.

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Abstract

The aim of this work was to recover the cellulose fibers from EFB using low-transition-temperature-mixtures (LTTMs) as a green delignification approach. The hydrogen bonding of LTTMs observed in 1H NMR tends to disrupt the three-dimensional structure of lignin and further remove the lignin from EFB. Delignification process of EFB strands and EFB powder were performed using standard l-malic acid and cactus malic acid-LTTMs. The recovered cactus malic acid-LTTMs showed higher glucose concentration of 8.07 mg/mL than the recovered l-malic acid LTTMs (4.15 mg/mL). This implies that cactus malic acid-LTTMs had higher delignification efficiency which led to higher amount of cellulose hydrolyzed into glucose. The cactus malic acid-LTTMs-delignified EFB was the most feasible fibers for making paper due to its lowest kappa number of 69.84. The LTTMs-delignified EFB has great potential to be used for making specialty papers in pulp and paper industry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil palm empty fruit bunch, Low-transition-temperature-mixtures, Delignification, Fibers, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak Paper
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2020 01:34
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2021 11:16
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31584

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