Framing of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB)financial scandal: Politicising bymainstream and alternative newspapers before andafter change of government

Ting, Su Hie and Murudi, Thanaraj and Chuah, Kee Man (2020) Framing of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB)financial scandal: Politicising bymainstream and alternative newspapers before andafter change of government. SEARCH Journal of Media and Communication Research, 12 (2). pp. 91-110. ISSN 2672-7080

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Abstract

This study compares the framing of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) financial scandal and the politicising of the issue by a mainstream and an alternative newspaper before and after the historic change of ruling party in Malaysia in the 2018 general election. A quantitative content analysis of 1,357 news articles in The Star and Malaysiakini was conducted along with lexical analyses using a textual analytics software known as AntConc. The results indicate that 1MDB was more salient in Malaysiakini before the change of government but its salience was elevated in The Star during the new Pakatan Harapan regime. Both newspapers were oriented towards episodic framing, but in the new regime, The Star’s percentage of episodic articles increased while that of Malaysiakini decreased. The low percentage of thematic articles (less than 11%) indicate that the media framing of 1MDB could have made readers oblivious to the ramifying impacts of 1MDB on Malaysia and its citizens. The Star tended to quote ruling party politicians and adopted a formal stance in reporting 1MDB-linked events whereas Malaysiakini used more varied news sources and a personalised stance to engage readers. Before the change of government, The Star had a balance of positive, negative and neutral 1MDB-related articles but Malaysiakini articles were inclined towards a negative valence. During the Pakatan Harapan regime, both newspapers adopted a positive stance in reporting on 1MDB, focusing on actions to resolve the financial scandal. The textual frequency analysis reveals an obvious lack of negative adjectives, indicating an avoidance of evaluative judgements on a financial scandal involving high-ranking political figures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alternative media, mainstreammedia, framing, 1MDB, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: J Political Science > J General legislative and executive papers
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Language Studies & Communication Studies
Depositing User: Hie
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2020 07:01
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2020 07:02
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31543

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