Language use and attitudes as indicators of subjective vitality: The Iban of Sarawak, Malaysia

Ting, Su Hie and Tinggang, Andyson and Mertom, Lilly (2020) Language use and attitudes as indicators of subjective vitality: The Iban of Sarawak, Malaysia. Language Documentation and Conservation. (In Press)

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Abstract

The study examined the subjective ethnolinguistic vitality of an Iban community in Sarawak, Malaysia based on their language use and attitudes. A survey of 200 respondents in Song district was conducted. To determine the objective ethnolinguistic vitality, a structural analysis was performed on their sociolinguistic background. The results show the Iban language dominates in family, friendship, transactions, religious, employment, and education domains. The language use patterns show functional differentiation into the Iban language as the “low language” and Malay as the “high language”. The respondents have positive attitudes towards the Iban language. The dimensions of language attitudes that are strongly positive are use of the Iban language, Iban identity, and intergenerational transmission of the Iban language. The marginally positive dimensions are instrumental use of the Iban language, social status of Iban speakers, and prestige value of the Iban language. Inferential statistical tests show that language attitudes are influenced by education level. However, language attitudes and use of the Iban language are not significantly correlated. By viewing language use and attitudes from the perspective of ethnolinguistic vitality, this study has revealed that a numerically dominant group assumed to be safe from language shift has only medium vitality, based on both objective and subjective evaluation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Language use, language attitudes, language shift, ethnolinguistic vitality, Iban, Sarawak, Malaysia, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Language Studies & Communication Studies
Depositing User: Hie
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2020 07:04
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2020 07:04
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31542

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