Effect of Calcination Temperature on Microstructural Evolution of Electrospun ZnO Fibers

Wee, Boon Siong and Kok, Kuan Ying and Nur Ubaidah, Saidin and Choo, Thye Foo and Chin, Suk Fun and Yusof, Abdullah (2018) Effect of Calcination Temperature on Microstructural Evolution of Electrospun ZnO Fibers. International Journal of Current Science, Engineering & Technology, 1 (Sup.1). pp. 57-62. ISSN 2581-4311

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Abstract

Development of portable or wearable devices demands for flexible, lightweight or even foldable materials for fabrication. In this respect, electrospinning offers a cost-effective, high throughput, versatile and scalable route for the production of flexible micro/nanofibers on almost all kinds of surfaces. In this work, semiconducting ZnO fibers of high aspect ratios were electrospun from organic precursor of ZnO solution. The effect of calcination temperature on the microstructures of the electrospun fibers was investigated. Simultaneous thermal analysis (STA) was used to monitor the temperature at which the organic precursor was removed to form ZnO. X-ray diffraction (XRD), on the other hand, was used to monitor the phase formations at various heating stages. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) equipped with energy dispersive spectrometry (EDX) was employed for morphological study of the ZnO produced. Continuous single phase ZnO fibers started to form at a temperature of around 460 °C and evolved through various stages of microstructural formations, from tubular-like structures to segmentation of granular structures and hierarchical structures at further increases in calcination temperatures. The ZnO fibers experienced increasing crystallinity and stoichiometry change during the heating process. When mechanically bent, the fibers were able to generate current pulses of between 0.1 to 10 nA.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zinc oxide, Electrospinning, Calcination;, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 06:17
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2021 12:07
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31359

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