Determination of apparent and composite friction factors for flooded equatorial natural rivers

Law, Puong Ling and Lai, Sai Hin and Mah, Darrien Yau Seng and Nabil, Bessaih and Aminuddin, Ab Ghani (2008) Determination of apparent and composite friction factors for flooded equatorial natural rivers. International Journal of River Basin Management, 6 (1). pp. 3-12. ISSN 1814-2060

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This paper presents results, calculated from field measurements taken in several frequently flooded natural rivers, which include D and R relationships, variation of flow resistance with depth of flow, the apparent friction factor, and the composite friction factor for flooded natural rivers. The results obtained have shown the complexity of flow resistance in natural rivers due to the interaction between the main channel and floodplain flow. The interaction has given rise to a pair of apparent shear stresses at the interface region, which can significantly reduce the discharge capacity of the rivers. The apparent shear was quantified in terms of an apparent friction factor, fa, and it was found that the apparent shear stress is many times greater than the averaged boundary shear stress of the rivers. Based on the averaged boundary shear stress and apparent shear stress, the composite (actual) friction factor for the rivers can be estimated accurately (R2 = 0.99) using a statistical method that had been derived.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flow resistance; friction factor; momentum transfer; natural river; overbank flow, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2020 08:46
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2022 00:53

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