Numerical Simulation on End Suction Centrifugal Pump Running in Inverse Flow for Microhydro Applications

Al-Khalid, Hj Othman and Mohd Azlan, Ismail and Hushairi, Zen (2015) Numerical Simulation on End Suction Centrifugal Pump Running in Inverse Flow for Microhydro Applications. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 773-74. pp. 358-362. ISSN 1662-7482

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Official URL: https://www.scientific.net/AMM.773-774.358

Abstract

The initial capital cost for most microhydro projects has always been an overriding issue for self-funded remote communities. The cost will escalate significantly in the absence of local microhydro electromechanical manufacturers. The application of end suction centrifugal pump as turbine will reduce the overall cost, which renders microhydro systems feasible for self-funded projects and are therefore suitable for rural communities. The goal of this study is to design and develop a pump as turbine (PAT) which serves as a substitute to commercial electromechanical components. Numerical analysis of an inverse flow for an end suction centrifugal pump is presented in this paper, which includes the performance curves and hydraulic characteristics of the pump. ANSYS CFX, a commercial CFD software is used to simulate the performance of the pump with specific speed, Ns of 70 units (Euroflo EU50-20). The computational flow domain inside the pump is comprises of impeller, volute and draft tube. Unstructured tetrahedral mesh is used to maintain good surface mesh due to complex flow domain geometries. The governing equations used in the simulations are three-dimensional, incompressible Navier-Stokes and k-ϵ turbulence model under steady-state condition. The simulation results are compared with pump performance curve supplied by the pump manufacturer. The verification results show good agreement for flow rates between 0.7 and 1.3 QBEP. The best efficient point (BEP) for inverse flow is attained at a higher head and flow rate compared to pump mode, whereby the value is found to be 21.55 m and 14.0 l/s, respectively. It is believed that the findings of this study will be useful to predict hydraulic characteristics and performance curves of PAT and the model may be used to identify poor flow characteristics inside the pump. It is recommended that optimization process is carried out using CFD tools in future studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: computational fluid dynamics; microhydro; pump as turbine; rural electrification; performance curve, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2020 07:08
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2020 07:08
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31180

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