Morphometric Analysis and Genetic Relationship of Rasbora spp. in Sarawak, Malaysia

Aimi Wahidah, Aminan and Lim, Leonard Whye Kit and Chung, Hung Hui and Badiozaman, Sulaiman (2020) Morphometric Analysis and Genetic Relationship of Rasbora spp. in Sarawak, Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 31 (2). pp. 33-49. ISSN 1985-3718

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Abstract

The genus Rasbora is one of the most species-rich genus among the freshwater fishes and cryptic diversity has been a major hindrance in species identification in the past four decades due to their high similarities in terms of morphology. This study aimed to investigate this issue both morphologically and molecularly. In this study, a total of 23 morphometric parameters were used to differentiate the 103 Rasbora fish samples harvested from different regions of Sarawak state of Malaysia via Multivariate Stepwise Discriminant Function Analysis (SDFA). Then, cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene was utilised to further distinguish 33 of these fishes, followed by sequence and phylogenetic analysis. Our results unravelled pre-anal length as strongest morphometric discriminant (100%) and that all eight Rasbora species tested are monophyletic except for R. sumatrana and R. caudimaculata, revealing possible cryptic Rasbora species. Further investigations are vital to enrich the data from this study for Rasbora cryptic diversity and conservation studies in future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cryptic Diversity, COI, Morphometric,Molecular, Rasbora spp, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QP Physiology
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Hui
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2020 07:48
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2020 07:48
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31137

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