Applying Geographic Information System to Locate the Residential burglary Hotspots in Penang Island, Malaysia

Molood, Seifi and Syarmila Hani, Haron and Aldrin, Abdullah and Tarmiji, Masron and Mohd Nor, Arshad and Mina, Seifi and Tareq, Salah (2020) Applying Geographic Information System to Locate the Residential burglary Hotspots in Penang Island, Malaysia. Test Engineering and Management, 83. pp. 13840-13846. ISSN 0193-4120

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Abstract

Identifying the geographic areas with a high concentration of house break-in incidents is crucial in policing and prevention initiations. Despite the popularity of geographic information system in mapping residential burglary, not many studies have explored the significance level of the areas comprising crime to understand the severity of the hot spots. Hence, this study sought to identify the geographic location of the residential burglary hotspotsin Penang Island and explores their spatial configuration. The latest available (2011 to 2013) police-recorded incidents of house break-in for day and night were collected from Penang Islands Headquarters, Georgetown. Geocoding technique was used to map the exact postal address of the houses in GIS. This study applied two spatial analysis tools, namely ‘Getis-Ord or Gi*’ and ‘Average Nearest Neighbor’ to detect the locations of the hotspots of residential burglary hotspots. The results demonstrated a high clustering value for the residential burglary hotspotsin the year 2013. The study concludes that even though most of the subdistricts of Penang Island have low or average-value clusters, but the increasing claustration value of the hotspot from 2011 to 2013 proofs that there is a persistent underlying physical or socioeconomic issue in these areas. Therefore, detection of the relatively in more vulnerable areas in this study makesthe decision of resource allocation for further exploration and immediate treatment by the authorities easier. Overlapping of the hotspot maps generated in this study with other maps such as various crime types, land use, and socio-demographic maps will help in deeper scrutinization of the reasons behind the occurrence of house break-in of the hotspots

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hotspots, residential burglary, geographic information system, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2020 04:36
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 04:45
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31078

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