The Effects of DPP IV Inhibitor on Glycemic Variability in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Treated with Twice Daily Premixed Human Insulin

Hui, Florence Sieng Tan and Chin, Voon Tong and Yueh, Chien Kuan and Bik, Kui Lau and Loh, Huai Heng and Huai, Heng Loh (2020) The Effects of DPP IV Inhibitor on Glycemic Variability in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Treated with Twice Daily Premixed Human Insulin. Journal of the Endocrine Society, 4 (1). pp. 396-397.

[img] PDF
Vilda in GV.pdf - Published Version

Download (115kB)
Official URL:


Glycemic variability (GV) is emerging as an exciting therapeutic target for diabetes mellitus (DM) with recent evidences showing association of GV with hypoglycemia risk as well as chronic complications.(1,2) Twice daily human premixed insulin is commonly used in developing countries and Asia for treatment of type 2 DM (T2DM). (3) While more convenient and cost saving, human premixed insulin regime may increase GV due to lesser flexibility and less physiological pharmacokinetic profile. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors (DPPIV-I) have been shown to improve GV when used for treatment of T2DM but the effects of DPPIV-I when added on human premixed insulin is limited. We therefore evaluated the changes in GV following addition of DPP IV-I among T2DM patients treated with premixed human insulin with or without metformin therapy. This was a prospective study involving adult patients with T2DM on stable doses of premixed human insulin with or without metformin for at least 3 months from two state hospitals in Malaysia. Blinded continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) were performed at baseline and following 6 weeks of adding Vildagliptin to their insulin regime. A total of 12 patients were recruited (50% male). Mean (SD) age was 55.8 (13) years with mean duration of disease of 14 (6.6) years. The addition of Vildagliptin significantly reduced GV indexes including SD 2.98 (1.17) to 2.33 (0.82), p=0.017; MAGE 6.94 (2.61) to 5.72 (1.87), p=0.018; MAG 1.60 (0.76) to 1.23 (0.48), p=0.009 and M Value 13.96 (13.01) to 6.52 (7.45), p=0.037. In addition there were improvements in terms of parameters for glycemic control. Time spent in optimal glycemic range (4-8 mmol/l) improved from 38.33 (19.69) to 58.17 (5.95) %, p=0.001 with reduction in AUC for hyperglycemia from 2.09 (1.73) to 1.06 (1.09) mmol/day, p=0.010. Hypoglycemia events were infrequent and the reduction in time spent in hypoglycemia [5.92(9.74) to 1.91 (2.54)%, p=0.191] as well as AUC for hypoglycemia [0.03(0.54) to 0.01(0.02) mmol/day, p=0.163] were found although these did not reach statistical significance. We concluded that addition of DPP IV-I to commonly prescribed twice daily premixed human insulin regime in patients with T2DM may improve GV and glycemic control and warrant further exploration.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Heng
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2020 07:28
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2020 07:28

Actions (For repository members only: login required)

View Item View Item