Combine effect of bio-fertilizer and poultry manure on growth, nutrients uptake and microbial population associated with sesame (Sesamumindicum L) inNorth-eastern Nigeria

Samuel, Lihan and Rakiya, Abdullahi and Sheriff, Hewa H. (2013) Combine effect of bio-fertilizer and poultry manure on growth, nutrients uptake and microbial population associated with sesame (Sesamumindicum L) inNorth-eastern Nigeria. IOSR Journal Of Environmental Science, Toxicology And Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT), 5 (5). pp. 60-65. ISSN 2319-2402

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Abstract

The combine effect of bio-fertilizer (Azospirillum and arbuscularmycorrhiza fungi, AMF; Glomusmossea)and poultry manure (PM) on nutrients uptake, plant growth and soil microbial population associated with sesame under field condition was studied. The experiment comprised of four treatments; T1 (Azospirillum + AMF), T2 (Azospirillum + AMF + 5 ton ha-1 poultry manure), T3 (10 ton ha-1 poultry manure), and T0 (Control) laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications. Plant growth parameters viz., plant height, numbers of leaves/plant, numbers of branches/plant, leaf area, shoots and root dry biomass increased significantly due to the application of bio-fertilizer and poultry manure singly or in combination over control. Combined application of bio-fertilizer and poultry manure @ 5 ton ha-1 significantly produced the plants with desirable growth parameters, nutrients content and uptakes for N, P, and K. Root colonization by AM fungi was recorded in inoculated and un-inoculated plants. Colonization % ranges from 6% in control to 62.8% in Bio-organic. There was no significant difference in % root colonization of inoculated plants. Populations of Azospirillum and AM spores have increased in all treatments over the initial population prior to experiment in all treatments. Bio-organic recorded the highest Azospirillum population (28.56 × 10-6 CFU g-1 soil) and 69.3 AM spores g-1 soil and values were significantly higher to all the treatments. The overall findings of this research indicated that Bio-organic(bio-fertilizer and poultry manure @ 5 ton ha-1 ) produced plants with highest growth parameters, nutrients uptake, increased soil Azospirillum population, AM spore density and mycorrhization compared to exclusive application of bio-fertilizer or poultry manure @ 10 ton ha-1 .Combination of bio-fertilizer with organic amendments could be recommended for successful production of sesame.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-fertilizer, Poultry manure, Bio-organic, Plant growth, Nutrients uptake, Microbial population, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2020 06:57
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2020 06:57
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/31029

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