The Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Among the Indigenous Population in Serian, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo

Tan, Cheng Siang and Myat, San Yi and Soe, Lwin and Abigail Rembui, Jerip and Mardiana, Kipli (2020) The Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Among the Indigenous Population in Serian, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Research Square (In review) BMC Virology Journal.

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Abstract

Introduction: Cervical cancer remains a significant problem worldwide, particularly in resource-limited countries, and having persistent HRHPV infection is a necessary risk factor. HPV16/18 are generally regarded as the cause of 70% cervical cancer incidences worldwide, and effective vaccines have been developed against these two HPVs. Although Malaysia has officially adopted an HPV vaccination strategy into the National Vaccination Program, the comprehensive prevalence data on each endemic HPV genotypes was absent in East Malaysia and most parts of the country except for major cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Objective: The objective of this study is to elucidate the endemic HPV genotypes that are circulating in the suburban population in Serian Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. Methods: Non-virgin women who were attending the Women's health campaign on the 5th and 23rd October 2018 were recruited. Informed consent was obtained, and a cervical swab was clinician-collected. The presence of HPV in the cervical swab was detected using MY09/MY11 followed by GP5+/GP6+ nested-PCR and its corresponding genotypes identified via sequencing. HRHPV positive women were screened using Results: We have recruited 43 sexually active women with median age of 51-year-old. HPV18, 39, 52, 56, and 84 were detected at an equal ratio. The overall prevalence rate of HPV, HRHPV and URHPV were 11.62% (5/43), 9.3% (4/43) and 2.3% respectively. Only 20% (n=1/5) of the HRHPV positive women were positive by VIA. Conclusion: HPV18, 39, 52, 56, and 84 were detected in Serian at an equal ratio. HPV16 was absent, and HPV18 was the only vaccine-genotype detected. HPV 39, 52, 56, and 84 were not covered by the bivalent and tetravalent HPV vaccines.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cervical cancer, papillomavirus, VIA, HRHPV, Sarawak, Malaysia, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo,Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Siang
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 08:57
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 08:57
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/30573

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