Sustainable energy planning for cost minimization of autonomous hybrid microgrid using combined multi-objective optimization algorithm

Ahmed Mohamed, Ahmed Haidar and Adila, Fakhar and Andreas, Helwig (2020) Sustainable energy planning for cost minimization of autonomous hybrid microgrid using combined multi-objective optimization algorithm. Sustainable Cities and Society, 62. pp. 1-20.

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With the development of scattered energy resources in the rural areas of Sarawak (Malaysia), various operational problems due to the unplanned installation of autonomous microgrids become gradually remarkable. To address this concern, the paper proposes an optimal strategy to evaluate the performance of different hybrid microgrid configurations for the Long San Village in Sarawak. A mathematical model is presented for sizing the component of the system to meet the maximum load demand under changing weather conditions and at the lowest possible cost. The developed approach simulates different microgrid models using deterministic and stochastic optimization methods to find the exact dynamic energy price of the selected optimal configuration in the context of system uncertainties. Furthermore, the operational feasibility of the system in terms of reliability and voltage security is studied in addition to economic feasibility with a comparative analysis of the environmental impact. The results show that the optimal configuration with the lowest cost of energy and net present cost can be achieved if the installed solar PV is less than 61 kW with 85 kW h of energy storage and 11 kW of hydro generation, where such system has 55,725 (kg/year) Carbon Dioxide and 330 (kg/year) Nitrogen Oxides. The findings also indicate that the dynamic energy pricing increases to 0.71 $/kWh when the power generation from renewable resources drops to zero. Further, the dynamic analysis shows that in order to reduce the voltage drop during disturbances, it is crucial to carefully install the sources in the buses connected to high energy demand.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cost minimization, Hybrid energy systems, Multi-objective optimization, Operational analysis, Regression analysis Rural areas electrification, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 03:46
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2023 07:38

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