Predictors of Acquired T790M Mutation in Patients Failing First- or Second-Generation Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Chai, Chee Shee and Liam, Chong-Kin and Poh, Mau-Ern and Ong, Diana Bee-Lan and Pang, Yong-Kek and Cheah, Phaik-Leng and Ho, Gwo-Fuang and Adlinda, Alip (2020) Predictors of Acquired T790M Mutation in Patients Failing First- or Second-Generation Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors. Cancer Management and Research, 2020 (2020). pp. 5439-5450. ISSN 1179-1322

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S253760

Abstract

Background: This study aims to determine the predictors of acquired exon 20 T790M mutation in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harbouring sensitizing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation following the failure of first- or second generation EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of NSCLC patients with sensitising EGFR mutation experiencing disease progression (PD) whilst on first- or second-generation EGFR-TKIs with subsequent investigations to detect acquired T790M mutation at the University of Malaya Medical Centre from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2017. Results: A total of 87 patients were included. Upon PD, acquired T790M mutation was found in 55 (63.2%) patients and was significantly more common in patients who achieved partial response (PR) whilst on the EGFR-TKIs (p = 0.008) or had new lung metastasis upon PD (p = 0.048). It was less frequent in patients who developed new symptomatic brain lesions (p = 0.021). Patients with exon 19 deletion were more likely to acquire T790M mutation compared to those with exon 21 L858R point mutation (p = 0.077). Multivariate analysis revealed PR whilst on EGFR-TKI treatment was an independent predictor of acquiring T790M mutation (p = 0.021), whereas development of new symptomatic brain lesions (p = 0.034) or new lymph node metastases (p = 0.038) upon PD was independently against acquiring T790M mutation. Patients with exon 19 deletion were more likely to acquire T790M mutation compared to those with exon 21 L858R point mutation (odds ratio: 2.3, 95% confidence interval: 0.84–6.25, p = 0.104). Conclusion: The best tumour response of PR to first- or second-generation EGFR-TKI treatment independently predicts acquired T790M mutation. Patients with exon 19 deletion are likely to acquire T790M mutation. This would prove useful for clinicians to prognosticate and plan subsequent treatments for patients with advanced NSCLC harbouring EGFR mutations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: non-small cell lung cancer, epidermal growth factor receptor, acquiredT790Mmutation, independent predictor, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Shee
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2020 06:49
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2020 01:27
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/30371

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