Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Tropical Wood Polymer Nanocomposite (WPNC)

Mohd Saiful, Islam and Hamdan, S. and Rusop, M. and Rahman, M.R. (2013) Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Tropical Wood Polymer Nanocomposite (WPNC). In: International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 2011, NANO-SciTech 2011, 2 March 2011 through 3 March 2011, Shah Alam, Selangor; Malaysia.

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Official URL: http://www.scientific.net/AMR.667.200

Abstract

A novel route to wood modification by impregnation of nanoclay combined with phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin is developed in this study. Wood polymer nanocomposites (WPNCs) were prepared from several tropical wood species by impregnating the woods with PF/nanoclay formulations. The vacuum-pressure method was used to impregnate the samples with PF/nanoclay prepolymer mixture. The formation of wood polymer nanocomposites and the location of impregnated materials inside wood were confirmed through SEM image and XRD pattern respectively. The PF/nanoclay loading achievable was found to be dependent on the properties of wood species. Low loading was observed for the high density wood species. Mechanical strength of fabricated WPNCs in terms of modulus of elasticity (MOE) was found to be significantly improved. Furthermore, morphological properties of raw wood and WPNC samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and XRD analysis and a change in morphological properties was also observed for WPNC.

Item Type: Proceeding (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mechanical Strength, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Wood Polymer Nanocomposite, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), UNIMAS, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 28 May 2014 06:20
Last Modified: 22 May 2017 06:39
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/3036

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