Toxicity Assessment of Lactococcus lactisIO-1 Used in Coconut Beverages against Artemia salina using Brine Shrimp Lethality Test

Ajibola, Olaide Olawunmi and Samuel, Lihan and Ahmad, Hussaini and Rosmawati, Saat and Idris, Adewale Ahmed and Wahab, Abideen Akinkunmi and Fazia, Mohamad Sinang and Ngieng, Ngui Sing and Adeyinka, Gbadebo Clement (2020) Toxicity Assessment of Lactococcus lactisIO-1 Used in Coconut Beverages against Artemia salina using Brine Shrimp Lethality Test. APPLIED FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY, 7 (3). pp. 127-134. ISSN 2423-4214

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Abstract

Background and objective:Plant-based fermented foods containing favorable micro-organisms have been used to improve diets. Starter microorganisms may produce toxic compounds that are hazardous to consumers. Brine shrimp lethality test is a convenient and appropriate assay to check toxicity of samples. The aim of this study was to investigate toxicity of pasteurized coconut beverages at 70C, 80C and 90C for 25, 15 and 5 min, respectively, and unpasteurized coconut beverages fermented by Lactococcus lactisagainst Artemiasalina nauplii. Material and methods: After extraction of coconut beverages fermented by Lactococcus lactisusing methanol, cytotoxicity was assessed using (lethality concentration). Newly 10 hatched Artemiasalinanauplii were transferred into various concentrations (in replicates) of the fermented sample extracts. After 24 h, survived Artemia salina nauplii were counted and lethality concentration was assessed. The brine shrimp lethality test was used to investigate sample toxicity at various doses from 1 to 500 μg ml-1at various time intervals. Results and conclusion:The fermented extracts included low larvicidal potential against Artemia salina nauplii. Correlations were reported between the extract doses and percentage mortality of nauplli brine shrimp. The pasteurized fermented extracts were less toxic and cheaper. Interestingly, starter culture, fermentation, thermal treatment and time contributed to breaking down of hydrolysable tannins and larger polyphenolic compounds, producing smaller compounds with lower toxicity responses in brine shrimp lethality test.The four probiotics beverage extracts included non-cytotoxic activity as presented by low mortalities in brine shrimp lethality test. In conclusion, these extracts can be used to justify probiotic production of beverages. Conflict ofinterest:The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artemia salina, Brine shrimp lethality test, Coconut beverage, Lactococcus, unimas, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2020 04:36
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2020 04:36
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/30287

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