ENERGY EXTRACTION EFFICIENCY OF IN-STREAM MULTISTAGE MICRO-HYDRO TURBINE

M. Shahidul, Islam and Syed Tarmizi, Syed Shazali and Sarip, A.S.H. (2017) ENERGY EXTRACTION EFFICIENCY OF IN-STREAM MULTISTAGE MICRO-HYDRO TURBINE. Sci. Int. (Lahore), 29 (5). pp. 1129-1134. ISSN 1013-5316

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Abstract

This paper describes the techniques for estimating thekinetic energy extraction efficiency of a multistage micro-hydro turbinewith five blades. The broad objective of this study was to measure the overall energy extraction efficiency of the said turbine system. Thisexperiment was conducted in a closed-loop water channel,and the velocity range was from 0.5 m/sto 1.1 m/s. The estimated overall energy efficiency of this turbine ranged from 12.8 percent to 25 percent. However, the most energy-inefficient component hereappeared to be the turbine’s blades, whose valuewas 84 percent. Indeed, energy inefficiency oftheblades contributed to a reduction inthe overall energy efficiency. This study concludes that in-stream multistage micro-hydro turbinesarea useful mechanical device for generating low-cost green energy from water. However, theenergy extraction efficiency of micro-hydro turbinesdepend on the interaction between the turbine blades and water flux; these two variables can bemanipulatedto increasetheenergy extraction efficiency. The goals forfuture studiesaretofindoutthe causes of energy extraction inefficiency andto increase the efficiency so that suchturbines can becomeeconomically sustainable.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multi Stage; Energy Efficiency; Hydro Turbine; Energy Transfer, unimas, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2020 02:17
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2020 02:17
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/30277

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