Efficient Surveillance of Plasmodium knowlesi Genetic Subpopulations, Malaysian Borneo, 2000–2018

Divis, Paul Cliff Simon and Hu, Ting Huey and Kadir, Khamisah Abdul and Mohammad, Dayang Shuaisah Awang and Hii, King Ching and Daneshvar, Cyrus and Conway, David J. and Singh, Balbir (2020) Efficient Surveillance of Plasmodium knowlesi Genetic Subpopulations, Malaysian Borneo, 2000–2018. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 26 (7). pp. 1392-1398. ISSN 1080-6059

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Abstract

Population genetic analysis revealed that Plasmodium knowlesi infections in Malaysian Borneo are caused by 2 divergent parasites associated with long-tailed (cluster 1) and pig-tailed (cluster 2) macaques. Because the transmission ecology is likely to differ for each macaque species, we developed a simple genotyping PCR to efficiently distinguish between and survey the 2 parasite subpopulations. This assay confirmed differences in the relative proportions in areas of Kapit division of Sarawak state, consistent with multilocus microsatellite analyses. Analyses of 1,204 human infections at Kapit Hospital showed that cluster 1 caused approximately two thirds of cases with no significant temporal changes from 2000 to 2018. We observed an apparent increase in overall numbers in the most recent 2 years studied, driven mainly by increased cluster 1 parasite infections. Continued monitoring of the frequency of different parasite subpopulations and correlation with environmental alterations are necessary to determine whether the epidemiology will change substantially.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plasmodium knowlesi, unimas, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Simon Divis
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2020 02:36
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2020 03:30
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/30093

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