Impact of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylonitrile on bamboo nanocomposite and optimization of mechanical performance by response surface methodology

Muhammad, Adamu and Md. Rezaur, Rahman and Sinin, Hamdan and Muhammad Khusairy, Bakri and Fahmi Asyadi, Md Yusof (2020) Impact of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylonitrile on bamboo nanocomposite and optimization of mechanical performance by response surface methodology. Construction and Building Materials, 258.

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Abstract

Bamboo is a natural resource that has prospect to substitute wood in many engineering applications. In this work, mechanical properties of bamboo nanocomposite based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/acrylonitrile/nanoclay was evaluated using response surface methodology (RSM). The developed nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Differential scanning colometry (DSC), and Thermo gravimetry analysis (TGA) to study their compositional, morphological and thermal properties. Models were developed to predict modulus of elasticity and modulus of rupture of the nanocomposites. The developed models fitted the experimental values with R2 close to 1 and residuals normal probability plot fitted to straight line. Optimized values of MOE and MOR were 12.82 GPa and 105.52 MPa respectively at 10 wt% clay loading, 15 wt% PVA/acrylonitrile loading and modification time of 5 min. The melting and decomposition temperature of the nanocomposites have shown significant improvement compared to the raw bamboo.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocomposites, Thermal properties, Clay, Mechanical properties, Morphology, unimas, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2020 02:13
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2020 02:13
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/30092

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