Hydraulics characteristics of tipping sediment flushing gate

Bong, Charles Hin Joo and Tze, Liang Lau and Aminuddin, Ab Ghani (2013) Hydraulics characteristics of tipping sediment flushing gate. Water Science & Technology, 68 (11). pp. 2397-2406. ISSN 1996-9732

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Official URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24334888/

Abstract

This paper highlights a preliminary study on the potential of a tipping flush gate to be used in an open storm drain to remove sediment. The investigation was carried out by using a plasboard model of the tipping flush gate installed in a rectangular flume. A steady flow experiment was carried out to determine the discharge coefficients and also the outflow relationship of the tipping flush gate. The velocity produced by the gate at various distances downstream of the gate during flushing operation was measured using a flowmeter and the velocity at all the points was higher than the recommended self-cleansing design available in the literature. A preliminary experiment on the efficiency of flushing was conducted using uniform sediment with d50 sizes of 0.81, 1.53 and 4.78 mm. Results generally showed that the number of flushes required to totally remove the sediment from the initial position by a distance of 1 m increased by an average of 1.50 times as the sediment deposit bed thickness doubled. An equation relating the number of flushes required to totally remove the sediment bed for 1 m with the sediment bed deposit thickness was also developed for the current study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: flushing, open storm drain, sediment, self-cleansing design, tipping gate, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, , research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2020 00:25
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2020 00:25
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/29996

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