Sex differences in PTSD symptoms : A differential item functioning approach

Murphy, Siobhan and Elklit, Ask and Chen, Yoke Yong and Ghazali, Siti Raudzah and Shevlin, Mark (2019) Sex differences in PTSD symptoms : A differential item functioning approach. PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAUMA-THEORY RESEARCH PRACTICE AND POLICY, 11 (3). pp. 319-327. ISSN 1942-9681

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Objective: Evidence has suggested there are sex differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom expression; however, few studies have assessed whether these differences are due to measurement invariance. This study aimed to examine sex differences in PTSD symptoms based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM–5) using differential item functioning (DIF). Method: Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted on the DSM–5 model of PTSD, followed by a multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) model to examine possible DIF using the PTSD Checklist for DSM–5. Data were analyzed from a Malaysian adolescent sample (n = 481) of which 61.7% were female, with a mean age of 17.03 years. Results: The results indicated the presence of DIF for 2 of 20 PTSD criteria. Females scored significantly higher on emotional cue reactivity (B4), and males reported significantly higher rates of reckless or self-destructive behavior (E2) while statistically controlling for the latent variables in the model. However, the magnitude of these item-level differences was small. Conclusion: These findings indicate that despite the presence of DIF for 2 DSM–5 symptoms, this does not provide firm support for nonequivalence across sex. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), differential item functioning (DIF), UNIMAS, university ,Borneo, Malaysia ,Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA,education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak,
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 07:49
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2021 21:45

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