Using the Risk Perception Attitude Framework to understand Nasopharyngeal Cancer risk reducing behaviors

Rayenda Khresna, Brahmana and Collin, Jerome and Yuwana, Podin and Ting, Su Hie (2020) Using the Risk Perception Attitude Framework to understand Nasopharyngeal Cancer risk reducing behaviors. BMC Infectious Diseases, 20 (1). pp. 1-23. ISSN 1471-2334

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Background: To reduce deaths due to nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), it is important to understand factors that predict NPC risk reducing behaviors. This study employed the Risk Perception Attitude (RPA) framework to predict NPC risk reducing behaviors among a group of Malaysians. Methods: A sample of Malaysians (n=215) completed a questionnaire about perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, self-efficacy, response efficacy and intention to enact self-protective actions to reduce NPC risk. Results: A majority of the participants had responsive (high risk, high efficacy) and proactive attitudes (low risk, high efficacy). Hierarchical regression of mediation effect under structural equation model (SEM) approach was used to test the theory. Response efficacy and self-efficacy were negatively associated with perceived risk (p<0.01). Intention was negatively associated with perceived risk and positively associated with response efficacy and self-efficacy (p<0.01). The testing of the indirect effect from perceived risk effect yielded different conclusions for each efficacy measure. For the relationship between perceived risk and intention, there was no mediation effect of response efficacy but the mediation effect of self-efficacy was significant (p<0.1). Heightened perceived risk weakens efficacy beliefs and intention to enact self-protective behavior, suggesting that low risk messages may work better to avert fatalistic thinking for this group. Perceived risk and response efficacy explained 26.5% of the variance in self-efficacy, suggesting the importance of framing NPC risk messages to heighten the audience’s confidence to enact self-protective health behaviors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nasopharyngeal cancer, Risk Perception Attitude framework, risk reducing behaviours, Malaysians, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2020 07:19
Last Modified: 24 May 2021 07:12

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