Microwave-assisted hydrothermal extraction of natural malic acid for the synthesis of low transition temperature mixtures

Yiin, Chung Loong and Suzana, Binti Yusup and Quitain, Armando T. and Sasaki, Mitsuru and Uemura, Yoshimitsu and Kida, Tetsuya (2016) Microwave-assisted hydrothermal extraction of natural malic acid for the synthesis of low transition temperature mixtures. Journal of Cleaner Production, 113. pp. 919-924. ISSN 0959-6526

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Abstract

This work describes the utilization of microwave hydrothermal extracted malic acid from cactus, lophatherum herb, papaya and Luffa cylindrica as hydrogen bond donor for the synthesis of natural low transition temperature mixtures (LTTMs) with sucrose as hydrogen bond acceptor. The effects of parameters including reaction temperature, extraction time, mass of sample and oxidant, H2O2 were discussed. The saturation equation was used to fit with the experimental data, observing only a slight loss of the goodness of fit. The optimum conditions for microwave hydrothermal extraction were found to be at 1 g of sample, 200 �C and 45 min in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as oxidant. Consequently, the proposed method was successfully applied to extract malic acid from plants and fruits for the synthesis of LTTMs. The LTTMs prepared from the extracted malic acid have identical physicochemical properties with the LTTMs derived from commercial malic acid due to the existence of hydrogen bond and the ability to dissolve lignin.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microwave-assisted hydrothermal extraction, Malic acid, Kinetic modelling, Synthesis, Low transition temperature mixture, Delignification, UNIMAS, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Chung Loong
Date Deposited: 27 May 2020 03:06
Last Modified: 21 May 2021 12:14
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/29772

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