Bone health among patients with primary aldosteronism : a systematic review and meta-analysis

Loh, Huai Heng and Yee, Anne and Loh, Huai S. (2019) Bone health among patients with primary aldosteronism : a systematic review and meta-analysis. Minerva Endocrinologica, 44 (4). pp. 387-396. ISSN 2724-6116

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Recent studies showed a possible association between hyperaldosteronism and secondary hyperparathyroidism leading to reduced bone health, however results are conflicting. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between primary aldosteronism (PA) with bone biochemical markers and to assess bone mineral density in patients with primary aldosteronism. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: A total of 939 subjects were examined (37.5% with PA). Patients with PA had signifi- cantly higher serum parathyroid hormone, lower serum calcium, higher urine calcium excretion and higher serum alkaline phosphatase compared to patients without PA, with no significant difference in serum vitamin D between both groups. Bone mineral density of lumbar spine, femoral neck and total neck of femur were similar between two groups. With PA treatment, there was a significant increment in serum calcium and reduction in serum parathyroid hormone. CONCLUSIONS: PA is associated with hypercalciuria with subsequent secondary hyperparathyroidism. This potentially affects bone health. We recommend this to be part of complication screening among patients with PA. (Cite this article as: Loh HH, Yee A, Loh HS. Bone health among patients with primary aldosteronism: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Minerva Endocrinol 2019;44:000–000. DOI: 10.23736/S0391-1977.18.02867-5)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bone density; Calcium; Bone fractures; Hyperaldosteronism; Osteoporosis; Secondary hyperparathyroidism, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, Centre for Academic Information Services
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Heng
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2020 08:38
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2021 08:33
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/28920

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