Optimising Production of Kojic Acid from Sago Fibre by Solid-State Fermentation Using Response Surface Methodology

Dayang Salwani, Binti Awang Adeni and Alvin Miai, Spencer Empading and Nurashikin, Binti Suhaili and Ahmad, Husaini and Kopli, Bin Bujang (2019) Optimising Production of Kojic Acid from Sago Fibre by Solid-State Fermentation Using Response Surface Methodology. Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology, 9 (2). pp. 94-100. ISSN 0128-2972

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Abstract

Kojic acid is an organic acid that has manifold industrial applications mainly in cosmetics, food and medicine. This research aims to optimise the production of kojic acid from sago fibre using a locally isolated Aspergillus flavus strain under solid-state fermentation (SSF). Central Composite Design (CCD) of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) consisting of 5 factors and 5 levels were employed to determine the influence of culture conditions such as initial moisture content (50-90% (v/w)), inoculum density (5-35% (v/w)), urea concentration (0.5-3.5% (w/w)), mineral salts solution (5-35% (v/w)) and incubation time (9-21 days) on kojic acid production. The results showed that the data were best represented by a quadratic model where the significant factors for kojic acid production were identified as inoculum density and incubation time with their optimal values of 30% (v/w) and 18 days, respectively. The maximum production of kojic acid achieved in this study represented a 2-fold increase from that achieved in the non-optimised conditions. In summary, this work describes the optimisation of kojic acid production from sago fibre employing RSM. In addition, this research represents a further step towards developing a sustainable production of kojic acid employing an eco-friendly and low-cost indigenous feedstock.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aspergillus flavus, kojic acid, optimisation, Response Surface Methodology (RSM), sago fibre, sago ‘hampas’, solid-state fermentation, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, , research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2020 08:37
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2021 23:27
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/28681

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