The influence of past experiences on future willingness to perform bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Chew, Keng Sheng and Shazrina, Ahmad Razali and Siew, Shirly Ling Wong and Aisyah, Azizul and Nurul Faizah, Ismail and Sharoon Juliet Kun Chyee, Anak Robert and Yegharaj, Jayaveeran (2019) The influence of past experiences on future willingness to perform bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 12 (40). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1865-1380

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Abstract

Background: The influence of past familial experiences of receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and medical help in various cardiac arrest and nonfatal cardiac events toward willingness to “pay it forward” by helping the next cardiac arrest victim was explored. Methods: Using a validated questionnaire, 6248 participants were asked to rate their willingness to perform bystander chest compression with mouth-to-mouth ventilation and chest compression-only CPR. Their past familial experiences of receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and medical help in various cardiac arrest and nonfatal cardiac events were also recorded. Results: Kruskal-Wallis test with post hoc Dunn’s pairwise comparisons showed that the following were significantly more willing to perform CPR with mouth-to-mouth ventilation: familial experience of “nonfatal cardiac events” (mean rank = 447) vs “out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with no CPR” (mean rank = 177), U = 35442.5, z = −2.055, p = 0.04; “in-hospital cardiac arrest and successful CPR” (mean rank = 2955.79) vs “none of these experiences” (mean rank = 2468.38), U = 111903, z = −2.60, p = 0.01; and “in-hospital cardiac arrest with successful CPR” (mean rank = 133.45) vs “out-of-hospital arrest with no CPR” (mean rank = 112.36), U = 4135.5, z = −2.06, p = 0.04. For compression-only CPR, Kruskal-Wallis test with multiple runs of Mann-Whitney U tests showed that “nonfatal cardiac events” group was statistically higher than the group with “none of these experiences” (mean rank = 3061.43 vs 2859.91), U = 1194658, z = −2.588, p = 0.01. The groups of “in-hospital cardiac arrest with successful CPR” and “inhospital cardiac arrest with transient return of spontaneous circulation” were the most willing groups to perform compression-only CPR. Conclusion: Prior familial experiences of receiving CPR and medical help, particularly among those with successful outcomes in a hospital setting, seem to increase the willingness to perform bystander CPR

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Pay-it-forward, Cardiac arrest, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2019 04:02
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2021 01:16
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/28431

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