Afatinib versus gefitinib or erlotinib in first-line setting for Malaysia patients with EGFR mutant advanced lung adenocarcinoma

Chai, Chee Shee and Liam, Chong Kin and Lin, O. Po and Pang, Yong Kek and Ho, G. F. and Alip, A. and Wong, C. K. and Poh, M. E. (2019) Afatinib versus gefitinib or erlotinib in first-line setting for Malaysia patients with EGFR mutant advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Annals of oncology, 30 (9). p. 164. ISSN 0923-7534

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdz437.013

Abstract

Abstract Background Afatinib is an irreversible second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) while gefitinib or erlotinib are reversible first-generation EGFR-TKIs. Methods A retrospective analysis of patients with EGFR mutant advanced lung adenocarcinoma receiving first-line afatinib versus gefitinib or erlotinib at University Malaya Medical Centre from 1st January 2015 to 31th December 2018. Results Of 113 patients, 24 (21.2%) received afatinib, 63 (55.8%) received gefitinib and 26 (23.0%) received erlotinib in first-line setting. Their demographic and clinical characteristics are shown in the table. Afatinib was used significantly more frequently in patients with rare or complex EGFR mutations (p = 0.005), and more often in patients with symptomatic brain metastases. The median progression-free survival (mPFS) of patients treated with afatinib (13.1 months) was longer than that of patients treated with gefitinib (10.9 months) or erlotinib (7.8 months) (p = 0.479). Patients receiving afatinib had consistently longer PFS than patients receiving gefitinib for the first 17 months and erlotinib for the first 20 months. The overall response rate was higher in patients on afatinib (75.0%) than those on gefitinib (63.5%) or erlotinib (53.8%). There was no difference in the disease control rate. Three patients (2.7%) had severe side-effects while on EGFR-TKI. Of two patients on afatinib, one had grade-3 diarrhea while another had grade 3 stomatitis, rash and paronychia. One patient had grade 3 rash on gefitinib. Conclusions Patients receiving first-line afatinib demonstrated longer mPFS than those on first-line gefitinib or erlotinib. The lack of statistical significance in this study is because of the small number of patients treated with afatinib, more frequent rare or complex EGFR mutations and more symptomatic brain metastases among afatinib treated patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: EGFR mutant, Afatinib, EGFR-TKIs, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, , research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Shee
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2019 00:24
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2020 02:11
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/28061

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