Spatiotemporal profiles of water quality at a new large tropical hydroelectric dam reservoir

Ling, Teck Yee and Phang, Kong Siew and Soo, Chen Lin and Nyanti, Lee and Sim, Siong Fong and Grinang, Jongkar (2019) Spatiotemporal profiles of water quality at a new large tropical hydroelectric dam reservoir. AACL Bioflux, 12 (3). pp. 893-907. ISSN 1844-9166

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Abstract

The building of the Murum hydroelectric dam resulted in the formation of a reservoir in the year 2014. The newly formed reservoir can also serve as a cage aquaculture site in addition to fisheries. Therefore, it is important to determine the spatiotemporal profiles of water quality in the new reservoir and assess its suitability for fisheries and aquaculture. Water quality of riverine inflows and depth profiles of water quality in transitional and lacustrine zones were studied. Four samplings were conducted in 2017 at two stations each in the riverine and transitional zones, and three stations in the lacustrine zone. Results of the year-long study indicate that the riverine zone serves as the main input of suspended solids and organic matter to the reservoir which affected the pH and conductivity depth profiles particularly in the transitional zone due to anthropogenic activities in the river basin. Thermal stratification was apparent and consistent in the lacustrine zone throughout the year; whereas it was less consistent in the transitional zone and varied between stations receiving different riverine inflows at different times of the year. The colder sediment-laden inflows from the rivers influenced the depth profiles of the transitional and lacustrine zones especially after rainfall events. The DO values in transitional zone remained high due to the oxygenated riverine inflows. However, it dropped below the limit of 5 mg/L at the thermocline, and developed an anoxic condition at the deeper water column in the lacustrine zone throughout the year. A decrease in pH and an increase in conductivity, turbidity, TSS, CO2, BOD5, COD and TAN with depths were also observed in the lacustrine zone which are associated with the decomposition of organic matter and sedimentation. Since the depth of water column that contained healthy DO value of at least 5 mg/L for healthy life of aquatic organisms at the lacustrine zone was less than 1 m to 5 m coupled with the acidity of the water, it is not suitable for sensitive aquatic organism yet. At the riverine zone, even though DO is high, the high turbidity, TSS, and low pH render the water unsuitable for sensitive aquatic organisms. It is recommended that inputs of sediment and organic materials to the reservoir be reduced not only for the sustainability of the hydropower generation but also for fisheries and aquaculture development in the future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aquaculture, Murum dam, thermocline, oxycline, sedimentation, stratification, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Yee
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 04:40
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2020 06:40
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/27000

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