Extractive and Abstractive Sentence Labelling of Sentiment-bearing Topics

Mohamad Hardyman, Barawi and Lin, Chenghua and Siddharthan, Advaith and Liu, Yinbing (2019) Extractive and Abstractive Sentence Labelling of Sentiment-bearing Topics. Frontiers of Computer Science, 13 (6). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2095-2228

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Official URL: https://www.springer.com/computer/journal/11704


This paper tackles the problem of automatically labelling sentiment-bearing topics with descriptive sentence labels. We propose two approaches to the problem, one extractive and the other abstractive. Both approaches rely on a novel mechanism to automatically learn the relevance of each sentence in a corpus to sentiment-bearing topics extracted from that corpus. The extractive approach uses a sentence ranking algorithm for label selection which for the first time jointly optimises topic-sentence relevance as well as aspect-sentiment co-coverage. The abstractive approach instead addresses aspect-sentiment co-coverage by using sentence fusion to generate a sentential label that includes relevant content from multiple sentences. To our knowledge, we are the first to study the problem of labelling sentiment-bearing topics. Our experimental results on three real-world datasets show that both the extractive and abstractive approaches outperform four strong baselines in terms of facilitating topic understanding and interpretation. In addition, when comparing extractive and abstractive labels, abstractive labels are able to provide more topic information coverage given the same label length constraint. Despite having 16% average on grammatical scores below fully extracted human-written sentences, the abstractive fusion generates topic labels can synthesise rich information needed for sentiment-bearing topic interpretations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sentiment-topic models, automatic topic labelling, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development
Depositing User: Barawi
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2019 06:21
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 00:59
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/26643

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