Population census and age category character of Stump tailed macaque, Macaca arctoides, in Northern Peninsular Malaysia

Mohd Ridwan, Bin Abd Rahman and Syamil, Bin Abd Rahman and Amsah, Bin Mohd Arif and Abdul Latiff, Bin Muhammad Abu Bakar and Md Zain, Bin Badrul Munir (2019) Population census and age category character of Stump tailed macaque, Macaca arctoides, in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 20 (9). pp. 2446-2452. ISSN 2085-4722

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Official URL: https://smujo.id/biodiv/article/view/4236

Abstract

Macaca arctoides is reported to be distributed only in the northern part of Malay Peninsula. Intensive scientific observations have never been carried out before on this neglected macaque in the northern range. Thus, in this article, an estimation of population data on the Malaysian stump-tailed macaques that were found in Wang Kelian forest areas in Perlis State Park, Malaysia is presented. Intensive field observations were conducted from Sept 2018 to January 2019 with scanning sampling. The study revealed a total of 171-176 stump-tailed macaques, consisting of 44 (25%) adult males, 28 (16%) adult females, 19-22 (11%) sub-adult males, 16-19 (10%) sub-adult females, 43 (25%) juveniles, and 21-23 (13%) infants. Two main groups were observed, which were the Nomad and the Batat groups. Their ranging areas appear to sometimes overlap each other, while some Nomad members were observed in the Batat group. The age structure can be differentiated through body size and pelage coloration. The stump-tailed macaque populations in Wang Kelian are sensitive to human presence, while their habitat area is threatened by human illegal poaching activities. More conservation efforts are needed to conserve this neglected macaque from local extinction.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Macaca arctoides, stump-tailed macaque, beruk kentoi, Wang Kelian, Malaysian primates, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Centre for Pre-University Studies
Depositing User: Abd Rahman @ Tahir
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2019 00:25
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2020 06:28
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/26599

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