Thermoelectric energy harvesting for forest fire detection using Global Positioning System (GPS)

Pang, Sze Koi (2017) Thermoelectric energy harvesting for forest fire detection using Global Positioning System (GPS). [Final Year Project Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Forest fire has always been a major concern which cannot be solved for centuries. It occurs very frequently and its disastrous impacts affect every living organism worldwide. Forest fire is prevalent or prone in continentals such as North America, South America and South East Asia where deep forests can be found; therefore, regular monitoring is deemed necessary. However, big forests often give big troubles to human when it comes to fire monitoring. Moreover, forests such as Indonesia peatland swamp forests limit our monitoring completely due to its gigantic size and density. This project proposes a novel idea of utilizing thermoelectric energy harvesting technique to assist an Arduino based Global Positioning System (GPS) module to monitor forest fire prone area. The combination of thermoelectric energy harvesting and GPS to monitor deep forest is a totally new approach and bold attempt. The main aim of the research is to test the efficiency as well as reliability of the GPS prototype that will be fabricated as well as minimize the effect of the ever existing forest fire issue by detecting the fire as early as possible and send feedback to the control center to take further initiatives. In the operation point of view, the amount of energy harvested through the thermoelectric energy harvesting technique depends on the temperature gradient created. Then, the energy generated from the system would be used to charge the built-in rechargeable battery which operates the Arduino based GPS module. In the end of the operation, the GPS prototype would transmit data through GPS to the control center or end user through messages as alert notifications. The final result in this research proved that the GPS prototype managed to identify the location of the monitoring area accurately although it was shaded with trees while recharging itself as an energy-sustainable complete system.

Item Type: Final Year Project Report
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2017.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forest fire , Global Positioning System (GPS) , hermoelectric energy, energy-sustainable, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate, , research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2019 07:47
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 07:47
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/26345

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