Optimisation study on the improvement of crude palm oil (CPO) production process from palm oil mill

Dayang Siti Herdawati, Binti Abang Hardin (2017) Optimisation study on the improvement of crude palm oil (CPO) production process from palm oil mill. [Final Year Project Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Sterilisation is the first process in every palm oil mill. The process is significant in determining the quality of palm oil produces in terms of Free Fatty Acid (FFA) and the value of Oil Extraction Rate (OER) for every palm oil mill. Thus, the study is aimed do some improvement towards the crude palm oil (CPO) production process in palm oil mill industry. The objectives that related to the aim are to determine the parameters affecting the Free Fatty Acid (FFA) contains in palm oil, to identify the oil losses at different of CPO production process and to develop the programming of material balance on the process in palm oil mill using Microsoft Excel. The experiment is conducted using Hydrothermal Pre-treatment Reactor Model BP460 by SOLTEQ. A several of parameters is tested during the experiment such as temperature, heating time and pressure applied to the process in a reactor. The acceptable value of FFA (<5%) was achieved at temperature 120℃, heating time for 80 minutes with 1.8 bar applied pressure. Material balance was performed by programming using Microsoft Excel and there were three station identified which causes the major oil losses during the CPO production which were sterilization station, threshing station and sludge separator station. The new material balance was proposed and by changing the water-oil ratio at the clarification process by 35% the final oil generated was increased by 30% from 9769.18 kg/hr to 14047.2 kg/hr.

Item Type: Final Year Project Report
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc) --University Malaysia Sarawak, 2017.
Uncontrolled Keywords: palm oil mill, Free Fatty Acid (FFA), Oil Extraction Rate (OER), crude palm oil (CPO), unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 06:28
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 06:28
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/25662

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