Numerical Simulation of Shoaling Internal Solitary Waves in Two-layer Fluid Flow

Hooi, M. H. and Tiong, Wei King and Tay, K.G. and Chiew, Kang Leng and Sze, San Nah (2018) Numerical Simulation of Shoaling Internal Solitary Waves in Two-layer Fluid Flow. Matematika, 34 (2). pp. 333-350. ISSN 0127-9602

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Abstract

In this paper, we look at the propagation of internal solitary waves over three different types of slowly varying region, i.e. a slowly increasing slope, a smooth bump and a parabolic mound in a two-layer fluid flow. The appropriate mathematical model for this problem is the variable-coefficient extended Korteweg-de Vries equation. The governing equation is then solved numerically using the method of lines. Our numerical simulations show that the internal solitary waves deforms adiabatically on the slowly increasing slope. At the same time, a trailing shelf is generated as the internal solitary wave propagates over the slope, which would then decompose into secondary solitary waves or a wavetrain. On the other hand, when internal solitary waves propagate over a smooth bump or a parabolic mound, a trailing shelf of negative polarity would be generated as the results of the interaction of the internal solitary wave with the decreasing slope of the bump or the parabolic mound. The secondary solitary waves is observed to be climbing the negative trailing shelf.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Internal solitary waves; extended KdV; the method of lines; two-layer fluid flow; shoaling solitary waves, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 00:55
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2019 08:18
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/24301

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