Larger gains from improved management over sparing–sharing for tropical forests

Runting, Rebecca K. and Ruslandi, . and Griscom, Bronson and Struebig, Matthew J. and Musnanda, Satar and Meijaard, Erik and Faisal Ali, Anwarali Khan (2019) Larger gains from improved management over sparing–sharing for tropical forests. Nature Sustainability, 2. pp. 53-61. ISSN 2398-9629

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Tropical forests are globally significant for both biodiversity conservation and the production of economically valuable wood products. To deliver both simultaneously, two contrasting approaches have been suggested; one partitions forests (sparing), the other integrates both objectives in the same location (sharing). To date, the ‘sparing or sharing’ debate has focused on agricultural landscapes, with scant attention paid to forest management. We explore the delivery of biodiversity and wood products, in a continuum of sparing-to-sharing scenarios, using spatial optimisation with set economic returns in East Kalimantan, Indonesia – a biodiversity hotspot. We found that neither sparing nor sharing extremes are optimal, although the greatest conservation value was attained towards the sparing end of the continuum. Critically, improved management strategies, such as reduced-impact logging, provided larger conservation gains than altering the balance between sparing and sharing, particularly for endangered species. Ultimately, debating sparing versus sharing has limited value while larger gains remain from improving forest management.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tropical forests, sparing-to-sharing, larger gains, partitions forests (sparing), unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 07:11
Last Modified: 24 May 2021 07:24

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